Magic Lantern Slides
They were sold in boxed sets of eight to 12 or more, and covered more subjects than mentioned before. Such sets also came with what is referred to as a reading, or script describing the story slide by slide.
Americans developed a technique for making slides that was rarely used elsewhere in the world: creating a master drawing, photographing it, and then printing slides. He made more than drawings which were reproduced as magic lantern slides. His drawings, and the slides that were produced from them, covered an amazingly wide view of American life.
For more information on Joseph Boggs Beale click here. Just one of the major producers of photographic slides was The Keystone View Company. From tothe Keystone View Company produced thousand of images of people and places from the United States and around the world. The photos are of historical, social, cultural, and geographic interest. In the Keystone View Company began its Educational Department, selling stereo views and glass lantern slides the forerunner of the photo transparency, later used in slide projectors to schools throughout the country.
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They also produced lantern slide projection equipment. One of the methods to produce photo lantern slides was to make a contact glass copy from the original glass negative. Many black and white slides are hand colored and are often listed as hand painted. These slides can have a very high quality hand coloring and be misidentified as hand painted.
There were many mass produced hand colored slides that had a very quick color application as shown on left. The American sized slides were produced in the hundreds of thousands, and covered just about every imaginable subject. Some American slides were called lightweight with only one piece of glass with a cover glass and framed in a light cardboard. They are, of course, more fragile and prone to scratching or other damage.
On there are over six to eight thousand slides listed daily. One dealer alone has over sixty two thousand slides. There were over six hundred producers listed in the incomplete society listing of slide producers and during a one hundred ninety year period,there were hundreds of thousands of slides produced.
There were attempts to make colored photographic lantern slides with starch grains, but they did not survive in large numbers, and had a tendency to be somewhat fragile. The Autochorome, more dense than other transparencies, was the first widespread transparent color process.
There were five or six others developed in the first part of the twentieth century. All were inferior to the Kodak transparency film that came to market in the s and rapidly displaced hand colored slides as the slide of choice. Eventually, the magic lantern did more than just project images on a wall.
By sliding two images over each other, effects could be obtained, like a sleeping man swallowing rats. The desire to create moving images pushed the projectionist to devise ingenious mechanisms to archive basic moving pictures. For educational themes, the motion of the planets in orbit or a simulated eclipse of the sun could be created.
Click here to see Chromotrope slide in action. They called them by strange names such as glass pivot, single and double slipper, single and double lever, pivoted lever slide, double pulley, single and double rackwork, eccentric movement, roller blind, astronomical rackwork, brass acrobatic, and the Choreutoscope slide.
Many early magic lantern slide devices contained some rudimentary form of movement. This usually involved a simple two-stage process.
These particular slide transparencies consisted of two pieces of glass sandwiched together. The lantern operator would manually operate one glass on top of another. Constantijn Huygens wrote very enthusiastically about a camera obscura device that he got from Drebbel in The oldest known document concerning the magic lantern is a page on which Christiaan Huygens made ten small sketches of a skeleton taking off its skull, above which he wrote "for representations by means of convex glasses with the lamp" translated from French.
As this page was found between documents dated init is believed to also have been made in In a letter to his brother Lodewijk he claimed he thought of it as some old "bagatelle" and seemed convinced that it would harm the family's reputation if people found out the lantern came from him. Christiaan had reluctantly sent a lantern to their father, but when he realized that Constantijn intended to show the lantern to the court of King Louis XIV of France at the Louvre, Christiaan asked Lodewijk to sabotage the lantern.
Christiaan initially referred to the magic lantern as "la lampe" and "la lanterne", but in the last years of his life he used the then common term "laterna magica" in some notes.
In he drew the principle of a "laterna magica" with two lenses.
The magic lantern, also known by its Latin name lanterna magica, is an early type of image projector employing pictures painted, printed or produced photographically on transparent plates (usually made of glass), one or more lenses, and a light source. It was mostly developed in the 17th century and commonly used for entertainment purposes. Dating Magic Lantern Slides Usa site so they can find more customers. We take no responsibility for any fake Dating Magic Lantern Slides Usa accounts or monetary loss you may suffer from contacting listings on Find Skype Sex. You can use the share buttons to share our pages and posts on Facebook, Twitter and Google+/ Dating Magic Lantern Slides Quiz (he also goes by the name of tyler durden (yes like the movie character)) this man started as a socially challenged man trying to pick up chicks and now he has become so efficient that many men reach out to him from all /
Thomas Rasmussen Walgensten c. Correspondence between them is known from At least from until Walgensten was demonstrating the magic lantern in ParisLyonRome and Copenhagen This scared some courtiers, but the king dismissed their cowardice and requested to repeat the figure three times. The king died a few days later.
After Walgensten died, his widow sold his lanterns to the Danish Royal collection, but they have not been preserved. There are many gaps and uncertainties in the magic lantern's recorded history.
A separate early magic lantern tradition seems to have been developed in southern Germany and includes lanterns with horizontal cylindrical bodies, while Walgensten's lantern and probably Huygens' both had vertical bodies. Griendel was indicated as the inventor of the magic lantern by Johann Christoph Kohlhans in a publication.
Huygens is known to have studied samples of Wiesel's lens-making and instruments since Wiesel did make a ship's lantern around that has much in common with the magic lantern design that Griendel would later apply: a horizontal cylindrical body with a rosette chimney on top, a concave mirror behind a fixture for a candle or lamp inside and a biconvex lens at the front. There is no evidence that Wiesel actually ever made a magic lantern, but in his successor offered a variety of magic lanterns from the same workshop.
This successor is thought to have only continued producing Wiesel's designs after his death inwithout adding anything new. Before only a small circle of people seemed to have knowledge of the magic lantern, and almost every known report of the device from this period had to do with people that were more or less directly connected to Christiaan Huygens. Despite the rejection expressed in his letters to his brother, Huygens must have familiarized several people with the lantern.
In Parisian engineer Pierre Petit wrote to Huygens to ask for some specifications of the lantern, because he was trying to construct one after seeing the lantern of "the dane" probably Walgensten. The lantern that Petit was constructing had a concave mirror behind the lamp. Petit may have copied it from Walgensten, but he expressed that he made a lamp stronger than any he had ever seen.
Since Huygens corresponded with London optical instrument-maker Richard Reeve. One of Christiaan Huygens' contacts imagined how Athanasius Kircher would use the magic lantern: "If he would know about the invention of the Lantern he would surely frighten the cardinals with specters.
Kircher described this improved lantern, but it was illustrated in a confusing manner:  the pictures seem technically incorrect with both the projected image and the transparencies H shown upright while the text states that they should be drawn in an inverted positionthe hollow mirror is too high in one picture and absent in the other, and the lens I seems to be placed at the wrong side of the slide. However, experiments with a construction as illustrated in Kircher's book proved that it could work as a point light-source projection system.
According to legend Kircher secretly used the lantern at night to project the image of Death on windows of apostates to scare them back into church. The earliest reports and illustrations of lantern projections suggest that they were all intended to scare the audience. Pierre Petit called the apparatus "lanterne de peur" lantern of fear in his letter to Huygens. Griendel didn't mention scary pictures when he described the magic lantern to Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz in December "An optical lantern which presents everything that one desires, figures, paintings, portraits, faces, hunts, even an entire comedy with all its lively colours".
By the s the use of magic lanterns started to become more widespread when travelling showmen, conjurers and storytellers added them to their repertoire.
5 - Magic Lanterns and Slides. As early as , a process for producing colour lantern slides had been invented by the German company Agfa but did not become available outside Germany until the s. In , the discovery of the Kodachrome three-colour process allowed the production of 35mm slides. The lantern slide has its origins in 17th century optical viewing devices which came to be known as "magic lanterns." The earliest slides for magic lanterns consisted of hand-painted images on glass, projected by itinerant showmen telling stories about the images that were projected. If you only make friends with people you want to have sex with, Dating Magic Lantern Slides Usa or your only goal in forming friendships is trying to get close enough so that sex will happen, your agenda will Dating Magic Lantern Slides Usa be obvious and that Dating Magic Lantern Slides Usa just isn't attractive. Form genuine friendships, whose value isn't attached to sex/
The travelling lanternists were often called Savoyards they supposedly came from the Savoy region in France and became a common sight in many European cities. Her educational methods were published in America in English translation during the early s. In Philip Carpenter's London company, that would become Carpenter and Westley after his death, started manufacturing a sturdy but lightweight and transportable "Phantasmagoria lantern" with an Argand style lamp, which produced high quality projections and was suitable for use in classrooms.
Dating magic lantern slides
The first known set The Elements of Zoology became available inshowing over images in 56 frames of zoological figures, classified according to the system of the Swedish scientist Carl Linnaeus. The same year many other slides appeared in the company's catalogue: "The Kings and Queens of England" 9 sliders taken from David Hume's History of England"Astronomical Diagrams and Constellations" 9 sliders taken from Friedrich Wilhelm Herschel's textbooks"Views and Buildings", Ancient and Modern Costume 62 sliders from various sources.
The mass production of slides also meant that the magic lantern now became affordable to the common men, opening a market for smaller lanterns with smaller glass sliders which instead of wooden frames usually had colorful strips of paper glued around their edges.
Although the popularity of magic lanterns waned after the introduction of movies in the s, they remained a common medium until slide projectors came into widespread use during the s.
About Lantern Slides
The magic lantern was not only a direct ancestor of the motion picture projector as a means for visual storytelling, but it could itself be used to project moving images.
Some suggestion of movement could be achieved by alternating between pictures of different phases of a motion, but most magic lantern "animations" used two glass slides projected together - one with the stationary part of the picture and the other with the part that could be set in motion by hand or by a simple mechanism. Motion in animated slides was mostly limited to either two phases of a movement or transformation, or a more gradual singular movement e. These limitations made subjects with repetitive movements popular, like the sails on a windmill turning around or children on a seesaw.
Movements could be repeated over and over and could be performed at different speeds. A common technique that is comparable to the effect of a panning camera makes use of a long slide that is simply pulled slowly through the lantern and usually shows a landscape, sometimes with several phases of a story within the continuous backdrop.
Movement of projected images was also possible by moving the magic lantern itself. This became a staple technique in phantasmagoria shows in the late 18th century, often with the lantern sliding on rails or riding on small wheels and hidden from the view of the audience behind the projection screen.
In Kircher had already suggested projecting live insects and shadow puppets from the surface of the mirror in his Steganographic system to perform dramatic scenes.
Christiaan Huygens' sketches see above suggest he intended to animate the skeleton to have it take off its head and place it back on its neck. This can be seen as an indication that the very first magic lantern demonstrations may already have included projections of simple animations. In Robert Hooke wrote about the effects of a type of magic lantern installation: "Spectators not well versed in optics, that should see the various apparitions and disappearances, the motions, changes and actions that may this way be represented, would readily believe them to be supernatural and miraculous.
In German polymath and philosopher Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz proposed a kind of world exhibition that would show all kinds of new inventions and spectacles. In a handwritten document he supposed it should open and close with magic lantern shows, including subjects "which can be dismembered, to represent quite extraordinary and grotesque movements, which men would not be capable of making" translated from French.
Several reports of early magic lantern screenings possibly described moving pictures, but are not clear enough to conclude whether the viewers saw animated slides or motion depicted in still images. In German engraver and publisher Johann Christoph Weigel described several lantern slides with mechanisms that made glass parts move over one fixed glass slide, for instance by the means of a silk thread, or grooves in which the mobile part slides.
By a German optician and glass grinder named Themme or Temme made moving lantern slides, including a carriage with rotating wheels, a cupid with a spinning wheel, a shooting gun and falling bombs. Wheels were cut from the glass plate with a diamond and rotated by a thread that was spun around small brass wheels attached to the glass wheels. A paper slip mask would be quickly pulled away to reveal the red fiery discharge and the bullet from a shooting gun.
Zacharias Conrad von Uffenbach visited Themme's shop and liked the effects, but was disappointed about the very simple mechanisms. Nonetheless he bought seven moving slides, as well as twelve slides with four pictures each, which he thought were delicately painted. Several types of mechanical slides were described and illustrated in Dutch professor of mathematics, physics, philosophy, medicine, and astronomy Pieter van Musschenbroek 's second edition of Beginsels Der Natuurkunde.
Lanternists could project the illusion of mild waves turning into a wild sea tossing the ships around by increasing the movement of the separate slides. Guyot also detailed how projection on smoke could be used to create the illusion of ghosts hovering in the air, which would become a technique commonly used in phantasmagoria. An especially intricate multiple rackwork mechanism was developed to show the movements of the planets sometimes accompanied by revolving satellites revolving around the sun.
In one M. Dicas seems to have offered an early magic lantern system, the Lucernal or Portable Eidouranian, that showed the orbiting planets.Magic Lantern Slide Show - Break the News To Mother
From around the s mechanical astronomical slides became quite common. The effect of a gradual transition from one image to another, known as a dissolve in modern filmmaking, became the basis of a popular type of magic lantern show in England in the 19th century. Typical dissolving views showed landscapes dissolving from day to night or from summer to winter.
This was achieved by aligning the projection of two matching images and slowly diminishing the first image while introducing the second image. The terms "dissolving views", "dioramic views", or simply "diorama" were often used interchangeably in 19th century magic lantern broadsides. The effect was reportedly invented by phantasmagoria pioneer Paul de Philipsthal while in Ireland in or He thought of using two lanterns to make the spirit of Samuel appear out of a mist in his representation of the Witch of Endor.
While working out the desired effect, he got the idea of using the technique with landscapes. An newspaper about a London performance indicates that De Philipsthal presented what was possibly a relatively early incarnation of a dissolving views show, describing it as a "a series of landscapes in imitation of moonlightwhich insensibly change to various scenes producing a very magical effect.
Despite the later reports about the early invention and apart from De Philipsthal's performance, no reports of dissolving view shows before the s are known and in some cases confusion with the Diorama or similar media is possible. In Scottish magician and ventriloquist M. Henry's introduced what he referred to as "Beautiful Dissolvent Scenes", "imperceptibly changing views", "dissolvent views" and "Magic Views" which were created "by Machinery invented by M.
In Henry Langdon Childe presented "Scenic Views, showing the various effects of light and shade" with a series of subjects that would become classics for the dissolving views.
In December De Philipsthal returned with a show that included "various splendid views Biunial lanterns, with two projecting optical sets in one apparatus, were produced to more easily project dissolving views. Possibly the first horizontal biunial lantern, dubbed the "Biscenascope" was made by the optician Mr.
A mechanical device could be fitted on the magic lantern, which locked up a diaphragm on the first slide slowly whilst a diaphragm on a second slide was opened simultaneously.
Philip Carpenter's copper-plate printing process, introduced inmay have made it much easier to create duplicate slides with printed outlines that could then be colored differently to create dissolving view slides. There have been many different experiments involving sorts of movement with the magic lantern. These include:.
Several of these experiments were publicly demonstrated at the Royal Polytechnic Institution Institution. These were adapted with a mechanism that spins the disc and a shutter system. Duboscq produced some in the s and Thomas Ross patented a version called "Wheel of life" in and The Choreutoscope was invented around by the Greenwich engineer J.
Beale and demonstrated at the Royal Polytechnic. It projected six pictures from a long slide and used a hand-cranked mechanism for intermittent movement of the slide and synchronized shutter action.
Magic Lanterns and Lantern Slides. Early magic lanterns relied on the weak light of oil lamps, but they were much improved by the invention of the Argand lamp in The Argand lamp used a circular wick aerated by a glass chimney, increasing illumination power by up to 12 times compared to oil lamps. Dating magic lantern slides - Is the number one destination for online dating with more relationships than any other dating or personals site. Want to meet eligible single man who share your zest for life? The lantern slide has its origins in 17th century optical viewing devices which came to be known as "magic lanterns." The earliest slides for magic lanterns consisted of hand-painted images on glass, projected by itinerant showmen to amuse their audiences. In , about ten years after the invention of photography, lantern slides began to be produced photographically.
The mechanism became a key to the development of the movie camera and projector. The Choreutoscope was used at the first professional public demonstration of the Kinetoscope to explain its principles. An "Optical Instrument" was patented in the U. Brown, using a phenakistiscope-like disc with a technique very close to the later cinematograph; with Maltese Cross motion; a star-wheel and pin being used for intermittent motion, and a two-sector shutter.
John Arthur Roebuck Rudge built a lantern for William Friese-Greene with a mechanism to project a sequence of seven photographic slides. It was reportedly made inbut also and a more likely date of have been given.
The surviving slides show a man removing his head with his hands and raising the loose head. The photographed body belonged to Rudge and Friese-Greene posed for the head. The slides probably provided the very first trick photography sequence projection. Friese-Greene's demonstrated the machine in his shop, until the police ordered him to remove it when it attracted too large a crowd.
Phantasmagoria was a form of horror theater that used one or more magic lanterns to project frightening images, especially of ghosts.